Immigration courts in California and other states along the U.S.-Mexico border are likely to be extremely busy in the coming months. On Nov. 21, the Trump administration began the process of deporting thousands of migrants who sought asylum in the United States to Guatemala. The migrants are being deported under the provisions of a bilateral agreement that the White House negotiated with Guatemala in July. Similar agreements were brokered with El Salvador and Honduras in September. The agreements require Central American migrants to seek asylum in nearby countries instead of continuing on to the United States.
Some California residents may be curious to see how the "safe third country" deal will play out. It seems that the Trump administration is getting closer to finalizing this agreement, which means that sending asylum-seekers who arrive at U.S. borders back to Guatemala could take place sooner than later.
Refugees are people who face the fear of persecution in their home countries. In order to be considered, you must be referred to the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP). USRAP uses three categories of processing priorities when determining which refugees should be allowed to interview for entry into this country. The following guide explains the currently used priorities so incoming refugees can have a greater understanding of the overall process.
Asylum allows people living in dangerous regions to seek expedited residence in other countries. Recent changes to the law in the U.S. aim to prevent Central American migrants from seeking asylum in the U.S. in an effort to curb what the government describes as unfettered immigration. A federal court recently ruled that the subsequent injunction only applies to specific areas along the southern border of the U.S., according to NBC News.
Asylum seekers in the U.S. will be subject to a credible fear screening. This screening is used to determine whether there is a legitimate fear for your safety should you return to your home country. Credible fear screenings often occur when an asylum seeker is subject to expedited removal, as explained by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.
In everyday conversations, many people in California may use the terms refugee and asylum seekers interchangeably. However, these two groups follow different immigration processes in America. Also, according to CNN, contrary to what many people may believe, the country with the highest number of asylum seekers in America is not Mexico, but China. However, Mexicans do receive the highest denial rate at 88% with Haiti following close behind at 86.1%